Wednesday, 17 January 2018

Crime against children rose 500% since 2006

CRY analysis of NCRB data for last decade shows sharper increase between 2012 and 2016

Crimes against children have increased by 500% in the past decade, according to a cumulative analysis done by Child Rights and You (CRY) on the basis of data released by the National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) every year.
The CRY report indicates that children are increasingly being exposed to crimes, resulting in an exponential increase in the crime rate.
Komal Ganotra, director, policy and advocacy, at CRY, said that the analysis shows a sharper rate of increase between 2012 and 2016 than in the 2006-2011 period.
According to CRY, 18,967 crimes were reported in 2006, while 1,06,958 incidents were reported in 2016 — an increase of 500%. Kidnapping and abduction top the crime chart, followed by child rape.
The report also indicates a steady upward trend in crime against children since 2015, with an increase of more than 11%, the highest ever. In 2015, the number of crimes reported was 94,172, and the number went up by 12,786 in 2016.
“The more unfortunate truth is that the trend has worsened this year, indicating our failure to address the age-old issue. It’s time we ensure a more robust protective environment for children,” Ms. Ganotra said.
There were 52,253 (48.9%) cases of kidnapping and abduction in 2016. Rape cases constitute more than 18% of the crime cases, when separated from the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act. Crimes reported under the POCSO Act constitute around 4%.
Uttar Pradesh recorded the highest number of kidnapping and abduction cases and crimes under the POCSO Act, followed by Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.
Incidents of crime in Maharashtra have increased from 2,841 to 14,559 between 2006 and 2016.
“These statistics are a grim reminder of the fact that we do not have proper prevention mechanisms to address the issue of child protection, nor are we keen on building more empathetic understanding and intervention plans adequately backed up by sustained investment on child security,” Ms. Ganotra said.

Child trafficking: Panel seeks report on conditions in houses of three women

They were among the four who had established parentage through DNA tests

The newly appointed Child Welfare Committee (CWC) of Mysuru district has sought a social investigation report (SIR) on the living conditions in the houses of the mothers of three trafficked children.
Four women had managed to establish their parentage through DNA tests and the outgoing CWC had already handed over custody of an 18-month-old child to her mother following a High Court order.
“We have asked the District Child Protection Officer (DCPO) to submit a SIR regarding the remaining three women and facilitate us to take a decision on handing over their children,” Kamalamma, chairperson of the new CWC of Mysuru, told The Hindu .
The report will help the CWC study the living conditions in the houses so that the economic, social and physical security of the child can be assured, said E. Dhananjaya, member of the CWC. More than a year ago, the Mysuru district police claimed to have busted a child trafficking racket involving the sale of infants born to unwed mothers in two private maternity homes in the city. The four women included Parvathi, an alms seeker from Nanjangud, who had lodged a complaint with the police that her child had been abducted in April last year.
Superintendent of Government Home for Boys in Mysuru, Kumaraswamy, who is also the in-charge DCPO, told The Hindu that the officials had arranged a rented house for Parvathi to facilitate her to take custody of her child. “We are awaiting a rent agreement, which will have to be submitted to the CWC,” he said.
The report regarding the other two women is also being prepared, he said.
He said the CWC will be the final authority to take a decision on handing over the custody of the children.
The three children are presently housed in Janapada Trust in Melkote and Vikasana in Mandya.
The women have been given visitation rights to meet their children, CWC sources added.

Open trafficking- news item

Open trafficking

JANUARY 17, 2018 00:00 IST
UPDATED: JANUARY 17, 2018 03:38 IST

Employment opportunities should be created in Nepal to prevent cross-border trafficking between Nepal and India

Following the 2015 Nepal earthquake, the Ministry of Home Affairs said that human trafficking from Nepal to India witnessed “a three-fold jump”. The Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) reported that most of the victims were minors, with girls and boys in equal numbers, and many were from the earthquake-affected districts of Nepal. In Dhangadhi and Rupandehi districts of Nepal, representatives of NGOs working on human trafficking said that quake-affected Sindhupalchowck district was among the key source districts for cross-border trafficking to India. A large number of women from this district left the country after the earthquake to find employment abroad, either through Rasuwagadhi or some other transit point along the India-Nepal border, said Asha from an NGO. “The destination countries for most of them were Kyrgyzstan, Israel, West Asia, and India. Many have also left for Kathmandu,” she said.
But identifying cases of human trafficking is not easy. Pancha Kumar Bakhu, who is Inspector, Area Police Office, Barabise in Sindhupalchowk, said: “No case of human trafficking has been registered since 2015, but ‘love affair’ (elopement) cases have been registered.” It is often difficult to identify a human trafficking case at the source since the victim may have been lured through the false promise of marriage or a job, said advocate Adrian Phillips from Justice and Care, an NGO that works on human trafficking.
The Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship, 1950 provides for an open border between Nepal and India. At the Gauriphanta border in Lakhimpur Kheri district and Sanuali border in Maharajganj district of U.P. bordering Nepal, I discovered how easy it was to cross over to Nepal. An official from SSB at Gauriphanta, which guards the Indian side of the border, said that those entering India are not stopped, but “those with luggage are stopped and questioned.” As I crossed over to Dhangadi in Nepal from Gauriphanta, an official from the Armed Police Force, which guards the Nepali side, said that individuals are stopped on the basis of “suspicion, intelligence or information from family members or relatives.” The SSB also profiles victims and suspects.
Closing the border may prevent cross-border trafficking, but it could also engender or accentuate economic vulnerabilities for those who have jobs or own businesses along the border. Poverty and unemployment in Sindhupalchowck have left young people vulnerable to internal and cross-border trafficking through the Rasuwagadi-Kerung border. It is imperative to create economic opportunities, particularly for the youth, within the country. Further, the Nepal-India border needs to be equipped with enhanced intelligence networks and effective monitoring mechanisms.
Meha Dixit has a PhD in International Politics from JNU and has taught at Kashmir University

Attach properties of those involved in human trafficking, frame law to ban begging: Uttarakhand HC to govt


NAINITAL: Taking a strict stand on 'rampant human trafficking in the state', Uttarakhand high court (HC) on Thursday asked police officials to "invoke provisions of the Money Laundering Act, 2008 against the persons who are involved in human trafficking, and also attach their properties." The division bench of justices Rajiv Sharma and Alok Singh while hearing an appeal against acquittal of a man who was charged with trafficking a girl from Nepal. also asked the state government to "carry out a verification of children, particularly minor girls and women coming to India from Nepal and counsel them properly."
The court also cited a TOI story 'Government sitting on 'secret' report on national, global trafficking racket in Uttarkhand' which was published on December 5, and directed the state government to "constitute a special investigation Team (SIT), if not already constituted, headed by a senior superintendent of police to investigate the matter within four weeks and to register FIRs against the persons, who were/are involved in human trafficking of boys/girls from shelter homes (as mentioned in the report)." The judges further recommended to the central government to "frame laws based on the model law against trafficking in persons, as drafted by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in relation to trafficking, victim and witness protection."
In another significant direction to curb begging on the streets, the HC asked the Uttarakhand government to "ban begging throughout the state by bringing a suitable legislation on the analogy of the UttarPradesh Prohibition of Beggary Act, 1975." Pointing out that "minors are often kidnapped by organised gangs to force them into beggary", the court directed the police department "to conduct DNAs of the parents as well as of the children of the beggars to ensure that the children found in their company are their own children."
Further, the court directed that all the anti-human trafficking units in Uttarakhand "must be headed by a person not below the rank of DSP/CO, and have one inspector, two sub-inspectors, three ASI and 10-15 constables and 50% of these officers should be sensitized women"
Among other directions given by the court were setting up of a photo bank to trace missing children and to display the data on an official website. In order to ensure the safety of the victims of human trafficking, the bench directed the state government to "provide safe and proper accommodation and basic health care to them." The HC also added that the trial of such cases should be held in camera and the state should also involve gram panchayats at the grass-root level to trace missing children.

Tamil Nadu Records Highest Number of Child Marriage Cases in Country

Monday, 10 October 2016

Rules and Procedures of Committee.

From: mail from :(giridharkadapacwc@gmail.com) 
Sent: 7 October 2016 09:32 AM
To: Program Officer – HELP

Subject: Rules and Procedures of Committee  

Sir,
What are the  Rules and payment details to CWC as per JJ central rules?  

Giridhar,
Member,
Child Welfare Committee,
Kadapa district.

Respected Mr. Giridhar garu please find below answer for your reference.


16. Rules and Procedures of Committee.-

1)    The Chairperson and members of the Committee shall be paid such sitting allowance, travel allowance and any other allowance, as the State Government may prescribe but not less than Rs.1500 /- per sitting.
2)    A visit to an existing Child Care Institution by the Committee shall be considered as a sitting of the Committee.
3)    The Committee shall hold its sittings in the premises of a children’s home or, at a place in proximity to the children’s home or, at a suitable premises in any institution run under the Act for children in need of care and protection.
4)    The Committee shall ensure that no person(s) un-connected with the case remains present in the room when the session is in progress.
5)    The Committee shall ensure that only those person(s), in the presence of whom the child feels comfortable, shall be allowed to remain present during the sitting.
6)    At least one member of the Committee shall always be available or accessible to take cognizance of any matter of emergency and issue necessary directions to the Special Juvenile Police Unit or local police of the district. For this purpose the Chairperson of the Committee shall draw up a monthly duty roster of the Committee members who shall be available and accessible every day, including on Sundays and holidays. The roster shall be circulated in advance to all the police stations, the Chief Judicial Magistrate/Chief Metropolitan Magistrate, the District Judge, the District Magistrate, the Board, the District Child Protection Unit and the Special Juvenile Police Unit.
7)    The Committee shall sit on all working days for a minimum of six hours commensurate with the working hours of a magistrate court, unless the case pendency is less in a particular district and the State Government concerned issues an order in this regard: Provided that the State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette constitute more than one Committee in a district after giving due consideration to the pendency of the cases, area or terrain of the district, population density or any other consideration.
8)    On receiving information about a child or children in need of care and protection, who cannot be produced before the Committee, the Committee shall reach out to the child or children and hold its sitting at a place that is convenient for such child or children.
9)    While communicating with the child, the Committee members shall use child friendly techniques through their conduct.
10) The Committee shall hold its sittings in a child-friendly premises which shall not look like a court room in any manner and the sitting arrangement should be such to enable the Committee to interact with the child face to face.
11) The Committee shall not sit on a raised platform and there shall be no barriers, such as witness boxes or bars between the Committee and the children
12)               The Committee shall be provided infrastructure and staff by the State Government.

Thanking you sir,


APPLICATION FOR SURRENDER OF CHILD

 from:bhlakshmidcpovzm@gmail.com] 
Sent: Sat, September 8, 2016 10:02 AM
To: helpap@gmail.com

Respected Sir,
Please give details on ‘Application for Surrender of Child?
Thanking you,
 Your’s sincerely,  
Bh.Lakshmi
DCPO -DCPU ,
Vizainagaram  district.  

     Thank u respected lakshmi garu please give bellow application for Surrender of Child as per JJ CENTRAL RULES .                                                           

FORM 23

[Rule 19(22)]
APPLICATION FOR SURRENDER OF CHILD
Date ……….
To
Child Welfare Committee,
District……………….

I/ We………………(name of the applicant/s) …………….(relation with the child)
of……………….(name of the child), aged about……….years , intend to surrender…………………..name of
child)beforethisChildWelfareCommittee as……………………………………………………….(reason/s for surrender).
I/we am /are fully conscious and making this application before this Child Welfare Committee. I have not been forced or unduly influenced by any one to take this decision of Surrendering……………………. (name of child). I shall have no objection if the child is given in adoption. Iam fully aware of the consequences of surrendering the child.
Full signature of the applicant(s)/
Thumb impression (if the CWC deems appropriate)
Name and address.
…………………………….
(Signature of the Chairperson/ member
Before whom such application is submitted)
Committee member/s present:____________________
Date…………………..
Time……………………
Place…………………..